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Emerging Diseases

I. The Introduction

A. What Do You Think of When You Hear "Emerging Disease"?
B. What Influences Disease?
C. Along the Amazon
D. Infectious Disease and Parasites
E. Transmission and Populations
II. Epidemics and Human Populations
A. Population Density: Why Does It Matter
B. Birth Rates
C. Death rates and Survivorship
D. Population Dynamics or Population Growth: The Result
E. Population Control: How Does It Happen?
1. Density-dependent controls and carrying capacity
a. parasitism
b. predation
c. competition
2. Density-independent controls
III. Epidemic: Susceptible Hosts AKA Hosts That Are Not Resistant
A. Immune Function: A Major Part of Resistance
B. Just a Little Bit about Immunity in Mammals
C. What Affects Immunity in an Individual?
D. Evolution of Immunity
IV. Epidemic: Treatment of Infectious Disease and Evolution of Pathogens Resistant to Treatment
A. Mutations As Genetic Change
B. Antibiotic Treatment As Selective Agent: Multiple Drug Resistant TB
V. Epidemic: When TB Flourishes VI. Epidemic: How Infectious Disease Came To Be So Important in People
A. Agriculture . Concentration of Population
B. Sedentary Populations in Fixed Areas: What Does This Lead to?
C. Global Mobility of People, Pathogens and Other Hosts
D. People and Other Animals Are Not the Only Ones Subject to Epidemics
VII. Parasitism: Habitat and Niche
A. For M. tuberculosis
B. Habitat Changes in the Environment of a Parasite: Lyme Disease
VIII. Evolution: Parasitism to Mutualism
A. The Tennessee Amoeba and Its Parasites
B. The Endosymbiont Theory of Origins of Mitochondria and Chloroplasts
IX. Recall Coevolution

Concept Map